Acid-Base Titrations

Using the principles of stoichiometry to calculate the concentration of an acid in a particular solution.

n = CV and C1V1 = C2V2

Amino Acids (pH < 7)

Drawing the structure of an amino acid in an acid environment (pH < 7) from the given name.

Acidic Environment

Amino Acids (pH > 7)

Drawing the structure of an amino acid in a basic environment (pH > 7) from the given name.

Basic Environment

Amino Acids (Zwitterions)

Drawing the zwitterion form (a neutral environment) of an amino acid from the given amino acid name.

Neutral Environment

Balancing Half Equations

Writing balanced half equation for a given starting and end species in an acidic environment.

The KOHES Method

Calibration Factor

Calculating the calibration factor for a bomb calorimeter from a given time, voltage, current and temperatures.

CF = VIt/ΔT

Catalyst Definitions

A randomised multiple choice question that requires picking the correct definition for a catalyst.

recall of information

Chromatography (Calculate Rf)

Calculating the Rf value for thin layer chromatography from given values in a worded question.

Rf = Solvent Height/Solvent Front

Combining Half-Equations

Writing balanced half-equations for an oxidation and reduction, combining to give an overall redox reaction.

Balancing for electrons and combining

Conservation of Energy

A randomised multiple choice question that requires picking the correct definition for the law of conservation of energy..

recall of information

Converting Pressure Units

Questions based on converting pressures measured in mm Hg into pressures measured in kPa.

P (kPa) = P (mm Hg)/750*100

Converting Pressure Units

Questions based on converting pressures measured in atm into pressures measured in kPa.

P (kPa) = P (atm)/0.987*100

Converting Pressure Units

Questions based on converting pressures measured in mm Hg into pressures measured in atm.

P (atm) = P (mm Hg)/750*0.987

Converting Pressure Units

Questions based on converting pressures measured in kPa into pressures measured in atm.

P (atm) = P (kPa)/100*0.987

Converting Pressure Units

Questions based on converting pressures measured in kPa into pressures measured in mm Hg.

P (mm Hg) = P (kPa)/100*750

Converting Pressure Units

Questions based on converting pressures measured in atm into pressures measured in mm Hg.

P (mm Hg) =P (atm)/0.987*750

Converting Temperature Units

Questions based on converting temperatures in Kelvin into temperatures in degrees Celsius.

T (oC) = T(K) - 273

Converting Temperature Units

Questions based on converting temperatures in degrees Celsius into temperatures in Kelvin.

T(K) = T(oC) + 273

Converting Volume Units

Converting volumes of liquids in millilitres into volumes in centimetres cubed for various liquids.

V(L)=V(mL)

Converting Volume Units

Converting volumes of liquids in millilitres into volumes in litres for various liquids.

V(L)=V(mL)/1000

Definition of Equilibrium

A randomised multiple choice question that requires picking the correct definition for a reaction at equilibrium.

recall of information

Direct Redox Reactions

Using the electrochemical series to predict the outcome of a direct redox reaction between two species.

Using the electrochemical series

Drawing Dipeptides

Questions based on drawing a dipeptide from two given amino acids, indicating which is at the N and C terminus.

Drawing Tripeptides

Questions based on drawing a tripeptide from three given amino acids, indicating which are at the N and C terminus.

Energy Content of Foods

Calculating the energy content of foods using data values for food groups and percentage composition.

E (kJ g-1)

Faraday's Second Law

Using Faraday's 2nd law of electrolysis to calculate the number of Faraday's of charge required for a mass of product.

Faraday's Second Law

Faraday's Second Law

Using Faraday's 2nd law of electrolysis to calculate the number of Faraday's of charge required for a number of moles of product.

Faraday's Second Law

Ideal Gas Law (Moles)

Calculating moles of an ideal gas from given pressure, temperature, volume. Temperature conversion required.

n = PV/RT

Identifying Amino Acids

Identifying the amino acids present in a tripeptide from the given structural formula.

Identifying Amino Acids

Identifying the amino acids present in a dipeptide from the given structural formula.

Identifying Renewable Fuels

A randomised multiple choice question that requires picking the correct list of renewable fuels.

recall of information

Le Chatelier's: Pressure

State and explain the change in the position of equilibrium for a reversible reaction when pressure is changed.

Le Chatelier's Principle

Mass Spectrum

Determine the molecular formula and name of molecule from its given molecular ion peak.

m/z

Mass-Mass Stoichiometry

Mass-mass stoichiometry questions finding the mass of carbon dioxide produced for combustion of alkanes.

n=m/Mr

Mass-Volume Stoichiometry

Finding the volume of carbon dioxide produced for combustion of alkanes under SLC, using stoichiometry.

n=m/Mr, n=V/Vm

Mass-Volume Stoichiometry

Find the volume of CO2 produced for combustion of alkanes under non-SLC, using stoichiometry. No unit conversions.

n=m/Mr, V=nRT/P

Moles and Energy Release

Calculate the energy released from the combustion of a number of moles of fuel using heats of combustion.

Q=nΔH

Naming Linear 1o Amines

Writing the IUPAC name for primary (1o) amines from a given structural formula (one to eight carbons).

IUPAC Naming Rules

Naming Linear 1o Amines

Writing the IUPAC name for primary (1o) amines from a given skeletal formula (one to eight carbons).

IUPAC Naming Rules

Naming Linear Alcohols

Writing the IUPAC name for alcohols from a given semi-structural formula (one to eight carbons long).

IUPAC Naming Rules

Naming Linear Alcohols

Writing the IUPAC name for alcohols from a given skeletal formula (one to eight carbons long).

IUPAC Naming Rules

Naming Linear Alcohols

Writing the IUPAC name for alcohols from a given structural formula (one to eight carbons long).

IUPAC Naming Rules

Naming Linear Alkanes

Writing the IUPAC name for alkanes from a given skeletal formula (three to eight carbons long).

IUPAC Naming Rules

Naming Linear Alkanes

Writing the IUPAC name for alkanes from a given structural formula (one to eight carbons long).

IUPAC Naming Rules

Naming Linear Alkanes

Writing the IUPAC name for alkanes from a given semi-structural formula (one to eight carbons long).

IUPAC Naming Rules

Naming Linear Alkenes

Writing the IUPAC name for alkenes from a given structural formula (one to eight carbons long).

IUPAC Naming Rules

Naming Linear Alkenes

Writing the IUPAC name for alkenes from a given semi-structural formula (one to eight carbons long).

IUPAC Naming Rules

Naming Linear Alkynes

Writing the IUPAC name for linear alkynes from a given structural formula (one to eight carbons long).

IUPAC Naming Rules

Naming Linear Esters

Writing the IUPAC name for esters from a given skeletal formula (one to eight carbons long).

IUPAC Naming Rules

Naming Linear Esters

Writing the IUPAC name for esters from a given structural formula (one to eight carbons long).

IUPAC Naming Rules

Naming Linear Haloalkanes

Writing the IUPAC name for haloalkanes from a given structural formula (one to eight carbons).

IUPAC Naming Rules

Naming Linear Haloalkenes

Writing the IUPAC name for an alkenes featuring a halo group from a given structural formula (1 to 8 carbons long).

IUPAC Naming Rules

Naming Linear Organic Acids

Writing the IUPAC name for organic acids from a given semi-structural formula (one to eight carbons long).

IUPAC Naming Rules

Naming Linear Organic Acids

Writing the IUPAC name carboxylic acids from a given skeletal formula (one to eight carbons long).

IUPAC Naming Rules

Naming Linear Organic Acids

Writing the IUPAC name carboxylic acids from a given structural formula (one to eight carbons long).

IUPAC Naming Rules

NMR: Carbon Environments

Identify the number of unique carbon environments that would be observed in 13C NMR for a given structural formula.

Symmetry Rules

NMR: Carbon Environments

Identify the number of unique carbon environments that would be observed in 13C NMR for a named organic molecule.

Symmetry Rules

NMR: Proton Environments

Identify unique proton environments (and the peak ratio) that would be observed in 1H NMR for a named organic molecule.

Symmetry Rules

NMR: Proton Environments

Identify unique proton environments (and peak ratio) that would be observed in 1H NMR for a given structural formula.

Symmetry Rules

Oxidation and Reduction

Use oxidation numbers to find the element that has been oxidised and the element that has been reduced for a given reaction.

Oxidation Number Rules

Oxidation Numbers

Calculating the oxidation number for a given element in a compound (formula given) based on oxidation number rules.

Oxidation Number Rules

Rate of Reaction

A randomised multiple choice question that requires picking the correct factor that will increasing a rate of reaction.

recall of information

Specific Heat Capacity

Calculating the mass of fuel required, using enthalpy of combustion, to increase the temperature of water by a fixed amount.

Q=mcT, m=Q/ΔH

Specific Heat Capacity

Final temperature of water due to combustion of an amount of fuel (using enthalpies), includes %age heat transferred.

Q=mΔH (x%age), T=Q/mcΔ

Specific Heat Capacity

Calculating the temperature increase of water due to combustion of a fixed amount of fuel (using enthalpy of combustion).

Q=mΔH, T=Q/mcΔ

Structure Linear of Esters

Draw the structural formula of linear esters (one to eight carbons) from a given IUPAC name.

IUPAC Naming Rules

Structure Linear of Esters

Draw the skeletal formula of linear esters (one to eight carbons) from a given IUPAC name.

IUPAC Naming Rules

Structure of Linear 1o Amines

Draw the skeletal formula of linear primary (1o) amines (one to eight carbons) from a name.

IUPAC Naming Rules

Structure of Linear 1o Amines

Draw the structural formula of linear primary (1o) amines (one to eight carbons) from a name.

IUPAC Naming Rules

Structure of Linear Alcohols

Draw the structural formula of a linear alcohol from the given name (one to eight carbons long).

IUPAC Naming Rules

Structure of Linear Alcohols

Draw the semi-structural formula of a linear alcohol from the given name (one to eight carbons long).

IUPAC Naming Rules

Structure of Linear Alcohols

Draw the skeletal formula of a linear alcohol from the given name (one to eight carbons long).

IUPAC Naming Rules

Structure of Linear Alkanes

Draw the structural formula of a linear alkane from the given name (one to eight carbons long).

IUPAC Naming Rules

Structure of Linear Alkanes

Draw the semi-structural formula of a linear alkane from the given name (one to eight carbons long).

IUPAC Naming Rules

Structure of Linear Alkanes

Draw the skeletal formula of a linear alkane from the given name (three to eight carbons long).

IUPAC Naming Rules

Structure of Linear Alkenes

Draw the structural formula of a linear alkene from the given name (one to eight carbons long).

IUPAC Naming Rules

Structure of Linear Alkenes

Draw the semi-structural formula of a linear alkene from the given name (one to eight carbons long).

IUPAC Naming Rules

Structure of Linear Alkynes

Draw the structural formula of a linear alkyne from the given name (one to eight carbons long).

IUPAC Naming Rules

Structure of Linear Haloalkanes

Draw the structural formula of linear haloalkanes (one to eight carbons) from a name.

IUPAC Naming Rules

Structure of Linear Haloalkenes

Draw the structural formula of a linear alkene featuring a halo group from the given name (1 to 8 carbons long).

IUPAC Naming Rules

Structure: Linear Organic Acids

Draw the skeletal formula of a linear carboxylic acid (one to eight carbons) from an IUPAC name.

IUPAC Naming Rules

Structure: Linear Organic Acids

Draw the structural formula of a linear carboxylic acid (one to eight carbons) from an IUPAC name.

IUPAC Naming Rules

Structure: Linear Organic Acids

Draw the semi-structural formula of a linear organic acids from the given name (one to eight carbons long).

IUPAC Naming Rules

Symbol Equations: Combustion

Writing the balanced symbol equations for the complete combustion of alcohols (one to eight carbons).

R + O2 → CO2 + H2O

Symbol Equations: Combustion

Writing the balanced symbol equations for the incomplete combustion of alkenes (two to eight carbons).

R + O2 → CO + H2O

Symbol Equations: Combustion

Writing the balanced symbol equations for the complete combustion of alkenes (two to eight carbons).

R + O2 → CO2 + H2O

Symbol Equations: Combustion

Writing the balanced symbol equations for the incomplete combustion of alkanes (one to eight carbons).

R + O2 → CO + H2O

Symbol Equations: Combustion

Writing the balanced symbol equations for the complete combustion of alkanes (one to eight carbons).

R + O2 → CO2 + H2O

Symbol Equations: Combustion

Writing the balanced symbol equations for the incomplete combustion of alcohols (one to eight carbons).

R + O2 → CO + H2O

The Equilibrium Constant (Kc)

Calculating a value for Kc, with correct unit, from given concentrations for a reversible reaction.

Kc = [C]c[D]d/[A]a[B]b

The Equilibrium Constant (Kc)

Writing the expression for Kc, the equilibrium constant, for a given reversible reaction.

Kc = [C]c[D]d/[A]a[B]b

The Equilibrium Constant (Kc)

Writing the symbol equation for a reaction from a given expression for Kc, the equilibrium constant.

Kc = [C]c[D]d/[A]a[B]b